EU Changes Pesticide MRLs


Posted By: Selerant RSA

On 18 November 2015, the European Commission published Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/2075, amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for abamectin, desmedipham, dichlorprop-P, haloxyfop-P, oryzalin and phenmedipham in or on certain products.

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has previously submitted a reasoned opinion and proposed changes to the existing MRLs for those pesticides, in certain food commodities.

Changes in Pesticide MRLs

For Abamectin, EFSA proposed to recommended lowering the MRLs for bovine muscle and kidney and, also, to change the residue definition in “sum of avermectin B1a, avermectinB1b and delta-8,9 isomer of avermectin B1a”.

For Desmedipham EFSA concluded that concerning the MRLs for beetroot, beet leaves, sugar beet (root), swine muscle, fat, liver and kidney, bovine muscle, fat, liver and kidney, sheep muscle, fat, liver and kidney, goat muscle, fat, liver and kidney some information was not available and that further consideration by risk managers was required.

For Dichlorprop-P it has been proposed to change the residue definition in “Sum of dichlorprop (including dichlorprop-P), its salts, esters and conjugates, expressed as dichlorprop“. Also, EFSA recommended lowering the MRLs for apples, pears, cherries, plums, barley grain, oats grain, rye grain and wheat grain. For oranges it recommended raising the existing MRL. It concluded that concerning the MRLs for swine muscle, fat, liver and kidney, bovine muscle, fat, liver and kidney, sheep muscle, fat, liver and kidney, goat muscle, fat, liver and kidney, cattle milk, sheep milk and goat milk some information was not available and that further consideration by risk managers was required.

For Haloxyfop-P it has been proposed to change the residue definition in “Sum of haloxyfop, its esters, salts and conjugates expressed as haloxyfop (sum of the R- and S- isomers at any ratio)“. Also, EFSA concluded that concerning the MRLs for carrots, onions, beans (dry), peas (dry), sunflower seed, sugar beet (root), swine muscle, fat, liver and kidney, bovine muscle, fat, liver and kidney, sheep muscle, fat, liver and kidney, goat muscle, fat, liver and kidney, poultry muscle, fat and liver, cattle milk, sheep milk, goat milk and birds' eggs some information was not available and that further consideration by risk managers was required. Finally, as there is no risk for consumers, the MRLs for those products should be set in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 at the existing level or the level identified by EFSA.

For Oryzalin, EFSA recommended lowering the MRL for table grapes. For other products it recommended keeping the existing MRL. It concluded that concerning the MRLs for kiwi and asparagus some information was not available and that further consideration by risk managers was required.

Finally, for Phenmedipham EFSA concluded that concerning the MRLs for strawberries, beetroot, spinach, beet leaves, chervil, chives, celery leaves, parsley, sage, rosemary, thyme, basil, bay leaves and tarragon some information was not available and that further consideration by risk managers was required. As there is no risk for consumers, the MRLs for those products should be set in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 at the existing level or the level identified by EFSA.

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