India: Limits for Contaminants and Biotoxins in Fish


Posted By: Selerant RSA

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), the Indian Food Regulator has just published draft regulation related to naturally occurring toxic substances and to biotoxins that can be found in fish and fishery products.

The proposed changes are targeting allowed levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) and bezo(a)pyrene in fish and fishery products. These are one of the most common contaminants to be found in fish, mostly deriving from large-scale use of pesticides.

FSSAI has also proposed changes related to biotoxins that can be found in fishery products, such as Paralytic shellfish poison and Brevetoxin found in mollusks.

Both contaminants, which can be found in fish because of water pollution, and fish and fishery products biotoxins have been proven to have a potential harmful effect on consumer health.

Details of the proposed changes can be found bellow. They are now open for comments and will come into force once the final regulations have been published in the Official Gazette of India.

Make sure you don’t miss out on any of the legislative changes by using RegData.

The proposed changes relate to insertion of a clause related to Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB’s) and Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s) in fish and fishery products after “Naturally Occurring Toxic Substance” (sub-regulation 2.2.1, clause 2) of the current regulation:

Sl. No.

Name of the contaminants

Article of Food

Limits

1

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (Sum of PCB 28, PCB 52, PCB 101, PCB 138, PCB 153 and PCB 180)

Inland and migratory fish

2.0 ppm

2

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (Sum of PCB 28, PCB 52, PCB 101, PCB 138, PCB 153 and PCB 180)

Marine fish, Crustaceans and mollusks

0.5 ppm

3

Benzo (a) pyrene

Smoked fishery products

5.0 ppb

 

Also proposed to be included are limits of ‘residues’ in Fish and Fishery Products in regulation 2.3. These are as follows:

Sl. No.

Name of the contaminants

Article of Food

Limits

1

Paralytic shellfish poison (PSP)

Bivalve mollusks

80 µg/ 100 g

(Saxitoxin equivalent)

2

Amnesic shell fish poison (ASP)

Bivalve mollusks

20 µg/ g

(Domoic acid equivalent)

3

Diarrhoetic shellfish poison (DSP)

Bivalve mollusks

160 µg of Okadaic acid equivalent/ kg

4

Azaspiracid Poison (AZP)

Bivalve mollusks

160 µg of Aazaspiracid equivalent/ kg

5

Brevetoxin ( BTX)

Bivalve mollusks

200 mouse units or equivalent/ kg