Mandatory Micronutrient Fortification Enters into Force in Vietnam


Posted By: Selerant RSA

On 28 January 2016, Vietnam government issued the decree No. 09/2016/NĐ-CP to regulate the fortification of food with micronutrients. Decree eneterd into force on March 15th. This Decree provides for statutory micronutrients required to be added to food, or statutory food products required to be fortified with micronutrients. It also sets responsibilities of institutions and individual entities related to fortification of food with micronutrients.

Subject of application

The Decree will apply to organizations or individuals (establishment) licensed to manufacture, trade and import micronutrients; food products fortified with micronutrients to meet domestic consumption demands and other agencies, organizations or individuals concerned. It will not apply to fortified food export establishments and small-scale salt manufacturers.

Purposes of fortification of food with micronutrients

According to this decree, the purposes of adding iodine to salt is to prevent and control goiter, mental retardation and other iodine deficiency disorders; adding iron to wheat flour to prevent and control iron deficiency anemia and remedy conditions resulting from iron deficiency anemia such as retardation in growth, malnutrition and lower mental development; adding zinc to wheat flour to promote growth and contribute to improving human height; prevent and control several metabolism disorders, cell differentiation, bacterial infections, bone growth disorders and sexual dysfunctions; adding vitamin A to vegetable oil to prevent and control dry eye syndromes, blindness and remedy results of conditions resulting from Vitamin A deficiency such as stunting and malnutrition, and contribute to enhancing immunity.

Detailed requirements

Statutory food products required to be fortified with micronutrients include:

  • Salt directly used in serving meals, or salt used for processing of food must be supplemented with iodine.
  • Wheat flour used for processing of food must be supplemented with iron and zinc.
  • Vegetable oil containing one of components, such as soya oil, palm oil, rapeseed oil and peanut oil, must be supplemented with vitamin A, except for the vegetable oil used for processing of food by employing the industrial processing method.

Both micronutrients and fortified food products must meet relevant national technical regulations and conform to laws and regulations on food safety.

Effect

This Decree entered into force on March 15, 2016. For salt directly used in serving meals, or salt used for processing of food products fortified with micronutrients must apply the requirements within one year after the date of entry into force of this decree and two years after the date of entry into force of this decree for wheat flour used for processing of food.
Food products fortified with micronutrients referred to in this decree which have been manufactured, traded or imported before the schedule of effect will be eligible for continuous distribution by the expiry date printed on their packs.