The FSSAI published an amendment to the 2011 Food Additive Regulation, adding steviol glycosides to the list of non-nutritive sweeteners permitted to be used in specified food categories. The amendment, “Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) (Amendment) Regulations, 2015” is in force from November 20, 2015, when it was published in the official gazette.
Steviol glycoside: a non-nutritive sweetener
Steviol glycosides are now permitted as non-nutritive sweeteners in the food categories presented in the table below:
Steviol glycosides are also permitted to be marketed as table top sweeteners in the form of tablets, powder or liquid containing 7 mg as steviol equivalent per 100 mg with carrier or filler. The permitted carriers or fillers (stated in the second provison of explanation II in section 3.1.3 of 2011 regulation) include- dextrose, lactose, maltodextrin, mannitol, sucrose, citric acid, calcium silicate, carboxymethyl cellulose, cream of tartar IP, cross carmellose sodium, Colloidal silicone dioxide, Glycine, L-leucine, Magnesium stearate IP, Purified Talc, Poly vinyl pyrrolidone, Providone, Sodium hydrogen carbonate, Starch, Tartaric acid and Erythritol.
Background: What are non-nutritive sweeteners?
Regulation from 2011 describes in detail the artificial sweeteners that are permitted in various types of foods and their limits.
The permitted artificial sweeteners according to this section are: saccharin sodium, aspartame (methyl ester), acesulfame potassium, sucralose, neotame, polyols (isomalt, erythritol, maltitol/ maltitol syrup) and polydextrose. Furthermore, it states that no mixtures of artificial sweeteners (as mentioned) can be added to any article of food except where they are allowed and no manufacturer is allowed to place on the market table top sweeteners without the label declaration.
Steviol Glycoside Standard
Section 3.2 of Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulation, 2011 outlines the standards food additives have to comply with.
The 2015 legislation amendment also includes the standards for steviol glycosides under the new section 3.2.2 “Sweetener”.
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